UNSC: An Uncertainty of the New Era of Military

UNSC delegates working on their draft resolution.

The committee session of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has officially continued on Tuesday, April 9th, 2019. Aside from the retardation from Argentina, the following 15 countries had present. The first motion then proceeded with a topic of the National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC) status in Cameroon. In between this moderated caucus, Niger accused that USA has done a violation on NIAC due to its intervention on sending Private Military Company (PMC).

In addition, the delegate of Nicaragua highlighted that the conflict in Cameroon is non-international conflict, in which they believe that Cameroon itself can handle it so there’s no need to interfering. Moreover, Nicaragua urged that all state need to reconsider their position. However, the delegate of the USA delivered its view that as an international community, all countries present has a responsibility to protect these people. Aside from the two representatives, it is highlighted that there were different views thrown regarding the conflict of Cameroon is like.

Another moderated caucus then occurred, discussing on Working Paper 1.2 proposed by the USA and its allies.  Regarding this, China criticized the definition of PMC written on Working Paper 1.2. Following that, the next motion was pressed on a discussion about Working Paper 1.1 written by Cameroon and its allies. As a response, the USA concerned and pointed out that a state already has a government army, therefore the one who need for PMC existence is non-state. 

Shortly after the break, the floor continued its session, mainly focus on the motion of unmoderated caucus to examine draft resolutions. The representatives were exchanging their views to each other and starting to do draft resolution in between. 

Moreover, by the final session of the committee, there were two draft resolutions submitted to the respective chairs. Draft resolution 1.1 was sponsored by Cameroon and Niger, while Draft Resolution 1.2 was sponsored by the USA and Armenia. The highlight from the two representatives was the difference in the usage of PMC, in which Draft Resolution 1.1 stressed on NGO aren’t allowed to use PMC. On the other hand, Draft Resolution 1.2 encouraged that all actors allowed to deploy PMC. As the representatives finished presenting their draft resolution, it soon followed by voting. Unfortunately, both of draft resolution failed to pass. (NewsArt/Nadya Melisha Nabilah)

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