ECOSOC: Humankind is Still on Their Way!

ECOSOC delegation delivering their speech.

The second day of committee sessions at ECOSOC has started at 8.20 AM. and begun with a roll call from each country (9/4). General Speakers’ List started from the delegation of Brazil, South Korea, Norway, Chad, Lebanon, China, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, and United Arab Emirate. 


Chad and its allies, also Lebanon and its allies were having different perspectives to tackle the issue of youth unemployment. Tension among the delegates was increasing since the Netherlands proposed a motion to discuss working paper 1.1 and 1.2 that had been submitted yesterday (8/4). The significant difference between both working papers was the approaches used. 
 

It was clear in the council that both allies were against each other, but the delegates of Mexico found inadequacy from each working paper. Since both working papers did not include specific data about the statistics of youth unemployment, Brazil and its allies try to make another working paper. 
 

The formal debate began with a motion regarding the social protection mechanism proposed by Mexico. The mechanism would be in correlation with the human rights, social and economic aspects, such as tax reduction, cheap advertising, ruling working hours to prevent workers exploitation, and retraining of human labor. In addition to that, Malaysia stressed the importance of women empowerment, exemplifying working mothers should take a day off to take care of their newborn children.
 

In another session, a motion about a digital platform to enhance entrepreneurship was proposed by Lebanon. Most of the countries agreed that the digital platform for entrepreneurship purposes would be a proper solution to tackle youth unemployment, regardless of the size of the business. 
Soon afterward, the unmoderated caucus was on board 20 minutes, which was proposed by Brazil, and they started to discuss the working paper.

 

Chad, South Korea, Brazil, Mexico, and China stressed that public and private sector partnership is compulsorily needed for a business incubator. They also viewed multinational companies (MNC) could increase job inclusivity, which was against Mexico’s stance. Mexico argued that investment coming from MNC could lead to greater problems in the country, known as a ‘loan trap’. 
 

The micro-finance institution is one of the proposed solutions to tackle the issue of youth employment. This could be done through advertising, education program, and awareness mechanism in order to build youth empowerment and prepare to face the Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0, specifically in a rural area. 
 

Besides, cybersecurity is an alternative solution to solve the problem. However, security in the cyber realm could only be implemented by the developed countries owning their own satellites. In other words, not all countries have the same capabilities to tackle the IR 4.0—we could not generalized the problem-solving.
 

There were two draft resolutions submitted to the chairs from today’s session, namely draft resolution 1.1 and 1.2. Since both DR have some similarities, Chad and its allies were trying to merge the draft resolution with the other allies. However, after having some intense debates between both allies, the draft resolution 1.1 passed. (NewsArt/Rizka Maharani)

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