Crisis Committee: When Domestic and
Foreign Affairs Become a Blur
The situation in the Crisis Committee.
The Crisis Committee (CC) of Padjadjaran MUN 2019 started with a Rules of Procedure (RoP) delivered by the chairs. Attended by 20 countries, together they struggled to tackle the Congo Crisis in 1960-1965.
As a new country, the Republic of Congo already drew international attention to the problems it was facing. The problem worsened and turned more complicated as more actors took part to execute their own plans. Enacting the date of September 12-13, 1960, the council opened several moderated caucus to address this matter.
The council proceeded to take action in regard to suspicion to the United Nations (UN) amongst them. The first half seemed to agree and understand the UN’s involvement in this crisis, while the rest deemed this action as untrustworthy as it was viewed as violence against the Republic of Congo's independence and the bias was noticeable.
A new crisis succeeded to put the council into a shambles as Operation of Morthor has been put into action. Some countries affirmed their choice of action by explaining the urgent situation of the insecurity faced by their troops and the local people.
Two major power during this period of time, the USA and USSR seemed convinced to do it the hard way, as the peaceful attempts were unfruitful. Yet countries, such as Nigeria and other non-alignment movement members, believed in Congo's sovereignty and the effectiveness of mediation on neutral ground.
As the next day came the tension grew stronger. On September 14-15, 1960, the update of foreign mercenaries in Katanga was like adding fuel to the fire. Belgium defended the existence of mercenaries as it was a form of action taken upon Tshombe not against a country. Several denied this, including Poland who cited another UN Security Council resolution.
That was a sign of affirmation about the proxy war between the USA and USSR that brewing in the background. Council then realized this crisis was no longer about the domestic affair but it was also used as a playground between superpowers. The stake has risen afterward with France's resolution that involves their military base in Senegal.
France took it upon themselves to solve, or maybe in other party eyes was viewed as driven the situation into another catastrophe, with sending air force to Katanga. However, the result was an airplane crash and several casualties.
It was enough evidence that the military approach was a failure and gave zero results. The non-alignment countries were finally successful in convincing the rest of the council to conduct a peace talk as a resolution.
The council opened a moderated caucus to discuss the actions step that needed to execute this proposition. And again, the council was split into two as countries proposed different action steps. In the next day, further steps, idea, and resolution will be explained, but for today the council will be suspended. (NewsArt/Yumna Wijdan Abidah)